New Mexico – It’s History and Statehood Date

New Mexico – It’s History and Statehood Date

The United States acquired most of current state of New Mexico in 1848 as part of the spoils of the Mexican War. The rest of the land that makes up the state was part of in the Gadsden Purchase of 1853. New Mexico was organized as a territory with Santa Fe as its capital on Sept. 9, 1850. It became the 47th state on Jan. 6, 1912.

The Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronando came to the region in approximately 1540 in search of gold. Juan de Onate established the first Spanish settlement on the Rio Grande River in 1598. During the Civil War, the territory of New Mexico was held by the Confederates until Union troops were able to capture it. Most of the conflicts with Indian tribes ended in 1886 when Geronimo surrendered.

Minerals are the largest part of New Mexico’s state income. The state leads the United States in the production of petroleum, uranium, natural gas, copper, zinc, silver and lead. New Mexico is also a leader in the production of geothermal, solar and nuclear power sources. The majority of farm income results from cattle and dairy production. Important crops include pecans, hay, onions, corn, peanuts, beans and chilies.