The history of Santa Fe, New Mexico dates back much further than before it became the capital of New Mexico, one of the states in the United States of America. The city was originally inhabited by a variety of Pueblo Indian villages. This dates back between 1050 and 1150, showing that this area has a tremendous amount of history behind it.
It is thought that the earliest settlement in what is now downtown Santa Fe was established around 900. Ogapoge was a village that started out as a few homes and was found near the Plaza of today and then spread south and west for about a half mile. The nearby Santa Fe River provided water to those living in the city. This was a year-round stream for inhabitants all the way until the 1700s. It wasn’t until 2007 that it was recognized as an endangered river due to its seasonality that occurred sometime in the 1700s.