The cliff dwelling homes of the Native Americans that lived in the Los Alamos, NM, area called Bandelier National Monument, were occupied from approximately 1100 to 1500 AD. Bandelier is about an hour away from Santa Fe. The Native Americans living there then took advantage of the topography of the hill sides in the area by making small living quarters. Located at the bottom end of a canyon, the area offered stream with running water and forest making it ideal for hunting, foraging and staying hydrated. Visitors to the dwellings are allowed to climb ladders so they can view the living quarters of the Native Americans from a bygone era in history.